The airline Tarom is a Romanian national carrier, which in 97.05 percent belongs to the Romanian Ministry of Transport. The oldest and largest airline in this country was created in 1920, but the first regular connection, on the route from Bucharest to Galati, was launched only 5 years later. Until 1989, the year of the fall of the communist government of Romania, the airline operated only on Il type airplanes. In 1990, they were replaced by Boeings and Airbuses. In 1993, the Romanian carrier launched flights to Bangkok and Montreal, after noticing large losses in 2001 they were closed, and in the next two years the remaining long-distance cruises, including to Chicago, New York and Beijing, were also closed. Currently, Tarom operates on 52 airports in 22 countries in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Since June 25, 2010, it has been a member of the SkyTeam alliance. The main base of Tarom is the international airport in Otopeni near Bucharest.